The Causes of Cancer of Indonesians
Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells that attack organs quickly so that its function is destroyed and causes death. Cancer can be caused by genetic and environmental factors. In Indonesia and the world every year cancer cases continue to increase. Starting from the highest breast cancer, cervical cancer (cervical), lung cancer, colon cancer (colorectal), prostate cancer, blood cancer, bone cancer, liver cancer, skin cancer. At least in the world there are more than 100 types of cancer.Director General of Disease Control and Environmental Health (P2PL) Ministry of Health dr. Tjandra Yoga Aditama in a seminar in Jakarta, Monday (26/4/2010) said that cancer is one of the non-communicable diseases that become public health problems both in the world and in Indonesia. In the world, 12 percent of all deaths are caused by cancer and killer number 2 after cardiovascular disease. WHO and World Bank estimates every year, 12 million people worldwide suffer from cancer and 7.6 million of them die. If not controlled, an estimated 26 million people will suffer from cancer and 17 million die from cancer by 2030. Ironically, this will happen more quickly in poor and developing countries. Tjandra said there are several factors that cause the high rate of cancer in Indonesia are: Smoking 23.7 percentObesitas in the population aged above 15 years ie men 13.9 percent and 23.8 percent for women.Kurang consumption of fruits and vegetables 93.6 percent Food consumption preserved 6.3 percent Fatty foods 12.8 percent Food with flavoring 77.8 percentLack of physical activity by 48.2 percent. In order for the number of cancer patients does not continue to increase need to be done such as prevention: No smoking and not consuming alcoholic beverages.Avoid exposure to excessive ultraviolet light Preventing obesity with a healthy diet (consume fruits and vegetables 5 servings a day) Perform physical activity (bodybuilding) 30 minutes per day. Perform early detection periodically in health facilities. "" These efforts need to be promoted continuously to reduce the number of cancer patients, "" Prof. said. Tjandra.Based on Riskesdas data, 2007, according to Prof. Tjandra Yoga, in Indonesia the ratio of tumor or cancer is 4.3 per 1000 population. Cancer is the number 7 cause of death (5.7%) after stroke, TB, hypertension, injury, perinatal and Diabetes Mellitus. Whereas based on 2007 Hospital Information System (SIRS) data, breast cancer ranks first in inpatients throughout Hospital in Indonesia (16.85%), followed by cervical cancer (11.78%) .The highest cancer suffered by Indonesian women is breast cancer with an incidence rate of 26 per 100,000 women, followed by cervical cancer with 16 per 100,000 women. Experts estimate 40% of cancers can be prevented by reducing and avoiding cancer risk factors, "Prof. said. Tjandra Yoga.Since 2007, the pilot project of cervical and breast cancer control through early detection has been developed. In 2010, the lung cancer control program became one of the programs to be developed. Lung cancer control is carried out through primary prevention (promotion and education), secondary (early and early treatment), and tertiary (palliative care). "" Control of most effective and efficient is with primary prevention, which is to apply a healthy lifestyle, "" explained Prof. Tjandra.
(ir / ir)