The Causes of Cancer of Indonesians
Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells that attack organs quickly so that its function is destroyed and causes death. Cancer can be caused by genetic and environmental factors. In Indonesia and the world every year cancer cases continue to increase. Starting from the highest breast cancer, cervical cancer (cervical), lung cancer, colon cancer (colorectal), prostate cancer, blood cancer, bone cancer, liver cancer, skin cancer. At least in the world there are more than 100 types of cancer.Director General of Disease Control and Environmental Health (P2PL) Ministry of Health dr. Tjandra Yoga Aditama in a seminar in Jakarta, Monday (26/4/2010) said that cancer is one of the non-communicable diseases that become public health problems both in the world and in Indonesia. In the world, 12 percent of all deaths are caused by cancer and killer number 2 after cardiovascular disease. WHO and World Bank estimates every year, 12 million people worldwide suffer from cancer and 7.6 million of them die. If not controlled, an estimated 26 million people will suffer from cancer and 17 million die from cancer by 2030. Ironically, this will happen more quickly in poor and developing countries. Tjandra said there are several factors that cause the high rate of cancer in Indonesia are: Smoking 23.7 percentObesitas in the population aged above 15 years ie men 13.9 percent and 23.8 percent for women.Kurang consumption of fruits and vegetables 93.6 percent Food consumption preserved 6.3 percent Fatty foods 12.8 percent Food with flavoring 77.8 percentLack of physical activity by 48.2 percent. In order for the number of cancer patients does not continue to increase need to be done such as prevention: No smoking and not consuming alcoholic beverages.Avoid exposure to excessive ultraviolet light Preventing obesity with a healthy diet (consume fruits and vegetables 5 servings a day) Perform physical activity (bodybuilding) 30 minutes per day. Perform early detection periodically in health facilities. "" These efforts need to be promoted continuously to reduce the number of cancer patients, "" Prof. said. Tjandra.Based on Riskesdas data, 2007, according to Prof. Tjandra Yoga, in Indonesia the ratio of tumor or cancer is 4.3 per 1000 population. Cancer is the number 7 cause of death (5.7%) after stroke, TB, hypertension, injury, perinatal and Diabetes Mellitus. Whereas based on 2007 Hospital Information System (SIRS) data, breast cancer ranks first in inpatients throughout Hospital in Indonesia (16.85%), followed by cervical cancer (11.78%) .The highest cancer suffered by Indonesian women is breast cancer with an incidence rate of 26 per 100,000 women, followed by cervical cancer with 16 per 100,000 women. Experts estimate 40% of cancers can be prevented by reducing and avoiding cancer risk factors, "Prof. said. Tjandra Yoga.Since 2007, the pilot project of cervical and breast cancer control through early detection has been developed. In 2010, the lung cancer control program became one of the programs to be developed. Lung cancer control is carried out through primary prevention (promotion and education), secondary (early and early treatment), and tertiary (palliative care). "" Control of most effective and efficient is with primary prevention, which is to apply a healthy lifestyle, "" explained Prof. Tjandra.
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Lessons from Jupe, Cancer Causes Can Relapse Once Declared Recovered
June 2015, Julia Perez alias Jupe had announced he was cured of cervical cancer. But a year went by, the owner’s real name Yulia Rachmawati is again announced the cancer that gnawing it has entered the stage 4.Jupe was eventually died after struggling against the disease. But according to a practitioner of healthy living, there are many lessons learned from ‘Mamita’ related to his struggle and persistence in fighting malignant and lethal diseases tersebut.Dalam cancer treatment, doctors generally do not use the term ‘recover’ but remission. This means that even though the patient has been physically healed, he still has to control and especially have to lead a healthy life. At any time, cancer cells can return to attack or ‘relaps’ if there are originators.
"Patients who experience relapse after a remission will then be called that the cancer is recurring," said Dr. dr Ari Fahrial Syam, SpPD-KGEH from Cipto Mangunkusumo.Coach also: Rise Down Condition Jupe Exemplified by Dr. Ari, a patient with colorectal cancer found in stage 1-2 and then get treatment, can survive in the top 5 years by applying a healthy lifestyle. This is called ‘5 years survival rate’ in cancer treatment. In contrast, various factors can cause the cancer to relapse within 1-2 years after treatment. It could be because of a lifestyle that does not turn out to be healthy enough, or due to other factors such as exposure to carcinogens or cancer triggers from the environment. Cervical cancer as experienced Jupe caused by HPV infection (HUman Papilloma Virus) Also read: Infographics: Causes of Cervical Cancer, Recognize Agar Can be Prevented On the other hand, Dr. Ari admitted touched by Jupe’s high life spirit during treatment. Reflected from the uploads in Instagram account, Jupe also always get positive support from artist friends and close family who accompany
This is a positive side that other patients can follow in order to remain optimistic and keep the spirit and should not be protracted in grief when he was sentenced to cancer even when the cancer was sentenced to stage 4, "" said Dr. Ari, who is a health consultant gastrointestinal tract. dr Ari, what experienced Jupe to the end of his life could be a valuable lesson related to prevention efforts, especially in cervical cancer. Also about the spirit of life even though his condition is already so severe. Hope dr Ari to the deceased Jupe, may husnul khotimah.Jupe had ‘recovered’ in 2015, but then experienced relapse (Infographics: detikHOT) Also Read: What Are The Characteristics Of Cervical Cancer Like Jupe Experienced?
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This is Why Lung Cancer Is Not Always Accompanied by Pain
Pain is an easy thing to feel. Because the body will feel an unusual condition. From a healthy one suddenly turns into a bad taste. Another case with lung cancer that does not hurt the body. The body will feel pain when the lung has reached the lung part of the outside membrane. That is one of the causes of the difficulty of detecting lung cancer. Dr. dr. Achmad Hudoyo, Sp.P (K) from RS Persuabatan Friendship, 80 percent of lung cancer patients are detected late. So it is not uncommon to find patients who have severe conditions just started treatment.
"" Never check him already end stage lung cancer because it does not feel the pain in the body, "" said dr. Hudoyo to detikHealth when met at the faculty of medicine University of Indonesia Wednesday (8/1/2018). Also read: Various Causes of Lung Cancer among Non-smokers Lung cancer does not feel pain because the lungs only have nerves in certain parts unlike other organs. That’s what makes people feel calm. And already know has a history of lung cancer. People with tumors that are one centimeter bigger than their cancer cell marbles already number one billion. In fact there are up to three or five centimeters to make the lung lung will not make the pain in person tersebut.Selama not to the outside of the lungs will not hurt because only in the external membrane that there are nerves. "" Origin of cancer of his lung not until the outside membrane, the pain will not be in the body, "" dr. Hudoyo.Read also: Targeted Therapy, Cancer Treatment Without Viewing Location
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